5G is the 5th generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.
No one company or person owns 5G, but there are several companies within the mobile ecosystem that are contributing to bringing 5G to life.
First generation - 1G 1980s: 1G delivered analog voice. Second generation - 2G Early 1990s: 2G introduced digital voice (e.g. CDMA- Code Division Multiple Access). Third generation - 3G Early 2000s: 3G brought mobile data (e.g. CDMA2000). Fourth generation - 4G LTE 2010s: 4G LTE ushered in the era of mobile broadband.
• 5G is significantly faster than 4G • 5G has more capacity than 4G • 5G has significantly lower latency than 4G • 5G is a unified platform that is more capable than 4G • 5G uses spectrum better than 4G
5G can be significantly faster than 4G, delivering up to 20 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) peak data rates and 100+ Megabits-per-second (Mbps) average data rates.
Enhanced mobile broadband In addition to making our smartphones better, 5G mobile technology can usher in new immersive experiences such as VR and AR with faster, more uniform data rates, lower latency, and lower cost-per-bit.
Mission-critical communications 5G can enable new services that can transform industries with ultra-reliable, available, low-latency links like remote control of critical infrastructure, vehicles, and medical procedures.
Massive IoT 5G is meant to seamlessly connect a massive number of embedded sensors in virtually everything through the ability to scale down in data rates, power, and mobility—providing extremely lean and low-cost connectivity solutions.
Yes, and recently on 1 October 2022 Indian PM Narendra Modi officially launched the commercial 5G services in India at the inauguration of the 6th edition of India Mobile Congress (IMC) held in New Delhi . In some countries it is already available to the public users.
Yes, you will need to get a new smartphone that supports 5G if you want to be able to use the network. There are several new mobile phones available that are designed to support 5G, and multiple carriers across the world support the 5G wireless network.