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US court stays extradition of Mumbai terror attacks accused Tahawwur Rana pending his appeal

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WASHINGTON, Aug 22 (PTI): Overriding the Biden administration’s appeal, a US court has ordered a
stay on the extradition of Pakistani-origin Canadian businessman Tahawwur Rana, to India where he
is facing a trial for his involvement in the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks.
Rana, 62, has appealed before the Ninth Circuit Court against the order by a US District Court in the
Central District of California that denied the writ of habeas corpus.
District Judge Dale S. Fischer of the US District Court in Central California in his latest order said that
Rana’s “ex parte application” seeking a stay on his extradition is granted.
“The extradition of Rana to India is stayed pending the conclusion of his appeal before the United
States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit,” Judge Fischer said in the order issued on August 18.
In doing so the judge overrode the government’s recommendations that there should be no stay on
Rana’s extradition.
Rana faces charges for his role in the Mumbai attacks and is known to be associated with Pakistani-
American terrorist David Coleman Headley, one of the main conspirators of the 26/11 Mumbai
attacks.
While the Court does not find that Rana “has made a strong showing that he is likely to succeed on
the merits” – otherwise the Court would have ruled in his favour in the first instance – he has
certainly raised serious legal questions going to the merits, the judge wrote.
“The proper meaning of “offence” in Article 6(1) of the extradition treaty is not clear and different
jurists could come to different conclusions. Rana’s position is certainly colourable and could very
well be found to be correct on appeal,” the judge noted.
“The final two factors “merge when the Government is the opposing party.” There is value in
compliance with India’s extradition request, but Rana’s extradition proceedings have been going on
for more than three years, which suggests that the process has not been rushed so far. Otherwise,
the public interest, if anything, favours Rana,” the judge wrote.
“The public has a strong interest in the proper interpretation of extradition treaties, particularly in
the interpretation of provisions that provide important individual protections like the one at issue
here. Further, there is a strong public interest in definitive, binding interpretations of treaties.
District courts cannot provide those rulings; courts of appeals can,” the judge wrote, throwing the
legal battle to the Ninth Circuit Court now.
The US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has asked Rana to submit his argument before October
10 and the US Government has been asked to submit its response by November 8.
Judge Fischer wrote that Rana has shown that he is likely to suffer significant irreparable harm
absent a stay.
He will be extradited to India for a trial on serious crimes with no hope for a review of his arguments
or hope for his return to the United States. The government admits this, but then argues that
because “this claimed irreparable harm applies categorically to any fugitive who seeks a stay of
extradition pending appeal,” it does not count, the judge said.
Earlier the US attorney John J Lulejian appealed before the District Court to deny Rana’s ex parte
application for a stay of extradition pending appeal and argued that the stay would cause
“unwarranted delay” in the United States’ fulfilment of its obligations to India and this will damage
its credibility in the international arena and impair its ability to obtain the cooperation of foreign
nations in bringing United States fugitives to justice.
Rana, he argued, cannot show a likelihood of success on the merits of his claims or otherwise meet
his burden of justifying a stay. “Accordingly, the United States respectfully requests that the Court
deny his ex parte application,” the US attorney wrote.
Lulejian argued that the District Court should deny Rana’s request for a stay for the threshold reason
that he has failed to demonstrate that he is likely to obtain a reversal of this Court’s decision in the
Ninth Circuit.

In his ex parte application for a stay, Rana has made no showing whatsoever, let alone a strong
showing, that he is likely to succeed on the merits of his appeal, he argued. Indeed, he simply states
that he seeks a stay “to permit his non-bis in idem argument to be heard by the court of appeals.”
India’s National Investigation Agency (NIA) is probing Rana’s role in the 26/11 attacks carried out by
terrorists of the Pakistan-based Lashkar-e-Taiba group. The NIA has said that it is ready to initiate
proceedings to bring him to India through diplomatic channels.
A total of 166 people, including six Americans, were killed in the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks in
which 10 Pakistani terrorists laid a more than 60-hour siege, attacking and killing people at iconic
and vital locations of Mumbai.

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