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North Korea says its 2nd attempt to launch a spy satellite has failed, vows 3rd try

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SEOUL, Aug 24 (AP): North Korea said on Thursday that its second attempt to launch a spy satellite
failed again but vowed to make another attempt in October, demonstrating willingness to endure
flops to acquire a key military asset coveted by leader Kim Jong Un.
The failed launch prompted neighboring Japan to issue brief a “J-alert” ordering some residents to
evacuate to safe places as the North Korean rocket flew over its southernmost islands of Okinawa to
the Pacific Ocean.
The North’s space agency said it used the new-type carrier rocket Chollima-1 to put the
reconnaissance satellite Malligyong-1 into orbit. It said the flights of the rocket’s first and second
stages were normal, but the launch eventually failed due to an error in the emergency blasting
system during the third-stage flight, according to the official Korean Central News Agency.
The National Aerospace Development Administration said it would make a third launch attempt in
October after studying what went wrong with Thursday’s launch. The agency added that “the cause
of the relevant accident is not a big issue in terms of the reliability of cascade engines and the
system.”
“Kim may have licked his wounds after this second failure, but he’s already dusting himself off and
moving on,” said Soo Kim, an expert with Virginia-based consultancy LMI and a former CIA analyst.
“In previous cases where the North has failed a weapons demonstration, we never saw them give up
but show greater perseverance in view of their longer-term ambitions.”
Earlier Thursday, South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff said in a statement that it detected the rocket
flying above international waters off the Korean Peninsula’s west coast after its liftoff at the North’s
northwestern Tongchang-ri area at 3:50 a.m. The site is where North Korea’s main space launch
center is located. The North made a failed launch of a spy satellite there in late May.
South Korea’s military said the launch of the rocket violated U.N. Security Council resolutions that
ban any launches by North Korea using ballistic technologies. Japan’s chief Cabinet secretary,
Hirokazu Matsuno, called the North Korean launch a “threat to peace and stability.”
Adrienne Watson, a spokesperson for the White House’s National Security Council, said the United
States strongly condemns the launch, adding that it involved technologies directly related to the
North’s intercontinental ballistic missile program. Watson said Pyongyang must immediately cease
its provocative actions and instead choose engagement.
In a phone call, senior diplomats from the U.S., Japan and South Korea condemned the North Korean
launch, saying the North’s repeated provocations will only result in strengthening a Washington-
Tokyo-Seoul cooperation, according to Seoul and Tokyo officials.
In its first launch attempt, a North Korean rocket carrying a spy satellite plunged into the sea soon
after liftoff. Like it did on Thursday, North Korea quickly acknowledged the failure of the earlier
launch as well, saying the crash happened because the Chollima-1 rocket lost thrust between launch
stages.
“As for the admission, there’s probably no point or gain from denying or trying to cover up the
failure. If anything, denying it would make Kim look even worse,” Soo Kim, the analyst, said. “Today’s
failure, in short, is just a slight scratch that can easily buffed with a comeback — whether that’s a
third satellite launch that’s successful, or an advancement in its nuclear and missile capability
remains to be seen.”
Ankit Panda, an expert with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, noted the North
Korean statement is “rather matter-of-fact and technical on the nature of the failure as it was last
time.”
“NADA appears to still be under time pressures to succeed with a space launch given the
commitment to an October launch,” Panda said. “That may be enough time for a new iteration.
There’s no reason to think we won’t see another launch attempt in that time frame.”
South Korea’s military recovered some of the debris after the first launch and said in early July that
the North Korean satellite wasn’t advanced enough to conduct military reconnaissance. Some
civilian experts said the spy satellite earlier disclosed by the North’s state media were likely capable

of detecting only big targets like warships or planes. They said by having several such satellites,
North Korea could still observe South Korea at all times.
South Korean officials said they began work to retrieve the wreckage after Thursday’s launch as well.
Thursday’s launch came three days after the U.S. and South Korean militaries kicked off annual
military drills that North Korea calls an invasion rehearsal. North Korea’s state media said the 11-day
U.S.-South Korean exercises are increasing the danger of a nuclear war on the Korean Peninsula.
South Korea’s spy agency told lawmakers last week it spotted signs that North Korea was preparing
for the test-flights of intercontinental ballistic missiles and other provocative weapons. On Monday,
KCNA said Kim had observed the test firings of strategic cruise missiles.
Since the start of 2022, North Korea has test-fired around 100 missiles in a torrid run of military
demonstrations. North Korea says its weapons testing is part of efforts to bolster its nuclear
deterrent to counter increasing U.S.-led military threats. But many experts say North Korea aims to
modernize its weapons arsenal to boost its leverage to wrest greater concessions from the U.S.
A spy satellite is among an array of high-tech weapons systems Kim Jong Un has publicly vowed to
acquire. Others weapons on his wish-list are a multi-warhead missile, a nuclear-powered submarine,
a solid-propellant intercontinental ballistic missile and a hypersonic missile.
Since 2017, North Korea has performed a slew of intercontinental ballistic missile tests,
demonstrating its potential ability to send missiles anywhere in the continental U.S. But experts say
North Korea still has some technological hurdles to clear before obtaining functioning nuclear
missiles.
The U.N. Security Council failed to adopt further sanctions over the North’s recent series of missile
launches because permanent veto-wielding members Russia and China oppose them, underscoring a
divide that has deepened over Russia’s war on Ukraine.

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