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Plea negotiations could mean no 9/11 defendants face the death penalty, the US tells families

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WASHINGTON, Aug 17 (AP): The suspected architect of the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks and his fellow
defendants may never face the death penalty under plea agreements now under consideration to
bring an end to their more than decade long prosecution, the Pentagon and FBI have advised
families of some of the thousands killed.
The notice, made in a letter that was sent to several of the families and obtained by The Associated
Press, comes 1 1/2 years after military prosecutors and defense lawyers began exploring a
negotiated resolution to the case.
The prosecution of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and four others held at the U.S. detention center in
Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, has been troubled by repeated delays and legal disputes, especially over the
legal ramifications of the interrogation under torture that the men initially underwent while in CIA
custody. No trial date has been set.
“The Office of the Chief Prosecutor has been negotiating and is considering entering into pre-trial
agreements,” or PTAs, the letter said. It told the families that while no plea agreement “has been
finalized, and may never be finalized, it is possible that a PTA in this case would remove the
possibility of the death penalty.”
the prospect of ending the case short of a verdict. The military prosecutors pledged to take their
views into consideration and present them to the military authorities who would make the final
decision on accepting any plea agreement.
The letter, dated Aug. 1, was received by at least some of the family members only this week. It asks
them to respond by Monday to the FBI’s victim services division with any comments or questions
about the possibility of such a plea agreement. The FBI had no comment Wednesday on the letter.
On Sept. 11, 2001, conspirators from the al-Qaida militant group seized control of jets to use them
as passenger-filled missiles, hitting New York’s World Trade Center and the Pentagon near
Washington. A fourth plane was headed for Washington but crashed in Pennsylvania after crew
members and passengers tried to storm the cockpit.
It was Mohammed who presented the very idea of such an attack on the United States to al-Qaida
leader Osama bin Laden, and who received authorization from bin Laden to craft what became the
9/11 attacks, the United States’ 9/11 Commission concluded. The four other defendants are alleged
to have supported the hijackers in various ways.
The attacks led to the U.S. “war on terror,” which included U.S. invasions and prolonged wars in
Afghanistan, where al-Qaida was based, and in Iraq, which had no connection with the attacks.
Jim Riches, who lost his firefighter son Jimmy in 9/11, went to Guantanamo for pretrial hearings in
2009. He remains deeply frustrated that the case remains unresolved 14 years later. He said he
laughed bitterly when he opened the government’s letter Monday.
“How can you have any faith in it?” Riches asked. The update “gives us a little hope,” he said, but
justice still seems far off.
“No matter how many letters they send, until I see it, I won’t believe it,” said Riches, a retired deputy
fire chief in New York City. He said he initially was open to the use of military tribunals but now feels
that the process is failing and that the 9/11 defendants should be tried in civilian court.
The Obama administration at one point sought to do so, but the idea was shelved because of
opposition from some victims’ relatives and members of Congress and city officials’ concerns about
security costs. As the 22nd anniversary of the attacks approaches, “those guys are still alive. Our
children are dead,” Riches said.
Other family members — part of a network of 9/11 families that has pushed for answers and
accountability over the years — said they would insist that any plea agreement allow their lawyers
to question the defendants on the extent of any Saudi official involvement in 9/11. Saudi Arabia
denies involvement by senior Saudi officials.
It’s about “holding people responsible, and they’re taking that away with this plea,” said Peter
Brady, whose father was killed in the attack. He received the letter this week.
The case “needs to go through the legal process,” not be settled in a plea deal, Brady said.

The 9/11 hearings have been on hold while military officials examine whether one of the defendants
is competent to stand trial. Hearings are set to resume Sept. 18.
The five defendants were captured at various times and places in 2002 and 2003 and sent to
Guantanamo for trial in 2006.
The case has played out with a changing series of defense lawyers and judges, all grappling with the
legalities and logistics of the military trial. Much of the hearings have been mired in litigation over
how much of the testimony should be considered inadmissible by the torture that defendants
underwent in early CIA custody, including the waterboarding of Mohammed 183 times.

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